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UreaknowHow.com's Plant Overviews expanded with Specialty Nitrogen Fertilizer and NFuel Plants

UreaknowHow.com's Plant Overviews expanded with Specialty Nitrogen Fertilizer and NFuel Plants

UreaknowHow.com has expanded its worldwide Nitrogen Plant Overview with Specialty Nitrogen Fertilizer and NFuel Plants. These overviews show the existing plants currently in operation. We track also all new Nitrogen Fertilizer and NFuel Projects and Revamp Projects worldwide. Click here for more details. With our long time experience in this industry and wide network we are able to introduce you to key persons at any of these prospects. Click here for the Plant Overviews.

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FERTILIZER ACADEMY Thermodynamics and Phase Diagrams in Urea Plants

FERTILIZER ACADEMY Thermodynamics and Phase Diagrams in Urea Plants

Understanding thermodynamics and phase diagrams are vital to understanding why a urea plant is designed and why it reacts to disturbances as it does. This course will support managers, engineers, (shift )supervisors and operators to optimize the operating conditions leading to higher safety and reliability and better performance figures of any urea plant.

Watch the video

Go to Fertilizer Academy

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10.000 Posts Milestone Realised

10.000 Posts Milestone Realised

Today we have reached 10.000 posts in our Round Tables! The nearly 2.200 Round Table discussions amongst 7.500+ Engineers and Managers in the Nitrogen Fertilizer Industry have led to 10.000 reactions (posts). A truly extensive source of information regarding daily operational and maintenance issues originating directly from the people involved.

We thank our most active Members: Prem Baboo (retired NFL and Dangote Fertilizers), Issa Norozipour (KHPC), Mohamed Farooq (SABIC), Majid Mohammadian (OCI), Kashif Naseem (SABIC), Muhammad Adnan Hanif (FFC), Girish Prakash (YARA), Ahmed Selim (ALEXFERT), Salam Malih (NORTHERN FERTILIZERS) and Syed Al Salman (AGRITECH).

And we specially thank all our Solution Providers take make this initiative possible.

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AmmoniaKnowHow.com is launching Fertilizer Academy

AmmoniaKnowHow.com is launching Fertilizer Academy

Fertilizer Academy is the online training platform for the fertilizer industry. Its mission is to share the industry experience, avoid operation mistakes and prevent process incidents. Fertilizer Academy training courses are prepared by an independent group of senior specialists with extensive experience in designing, constructing, commissioning, maintaining, and operating ammonia, urea, nitric acid, and ammonium nitrate plants. We are not affiliated with an EPC organization or technology licensors, and without any corporate constraints, we develop our training courses based on real-life experience and case studies.
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UreaKnowHow.com welcomes ORIENT as our latest Solution Provider

UreaKnowHow.com welcomes ORIENT as our latest Solution Provider

Comprehensive Corrosion Inspection of Urea High-Pressure Equipment

Established in the mountain city of Chongqing, China in 2002, ChongQing Orient Mechanical and Electrical Technology Co, LTD ("Orient") is a comprehensive technology company that specializes in non-destructive testing, corrosion monitoring, maintenance, technical consultation, technical cooperation and delegated sales of special maintenance tools and equipment in petrochemical, electric power and other industries.... Click here to read more

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UreaKnowHow.com welcomes SICK AG as our latest Solution Provider

UreaKnowHow.com welcomes SICK AG as our latest Solution Provider

SICK AG: Emission Monitoring Solutions for Fertilizer Industry
Measuring and reporting emissions to atmosphere from various fertilizer production processes brings with it a number of technical challenges.
Trace concentrations of dust particles and pollutant gases, such as ammonia (NH3) must be measured accurately often in water-saturated conditions behind wet scrubber abatement systems. In-situ technologies, such as ultra-sonic flow-meters must be very robust so as to withstand the corrosive nature of wet, acidic components, such as hydrofluoric acid (HF)... Click here for more information.

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UreaKnowHow.com introduces the Member Finder

UreaKnowHow.com introduces the Member Finder

UreaKnowHow.com has now 7400+ Members and keeps growing. Now we introduce the UreaKnowHow.com Member Finder. Each Member has now available a very user friendly tool to find other Members at other urea plants and working for the Solution Providers. Starting from a chosen Country, via the chosen Company one will see the name and function of the relevant Members and a link to direct contact. Click here to go to the UreaKnowHow.com Member Finder. Join us and become a part of our vibrant community.

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The Nitrogen Fertilizer Plants Overview is online

The Nitrogen Fertilizer Plants Overview is online

We have now introduced a complete worldwide Nitrogen Fertilizer Plants Overview consisting of urea, ammonia, nitric acid and nitrates plants including many details of the plants. The Nitrogen Fertilizer Plants Overview is accessible for all its Members.
Go to Nitrogen Fertilizer Plants Overview

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UreaKnowHow.com compiles all Urea Plant Safety Information on one webpage

UreaKnowHow.com compiles all Urea Plant Safety Information on one webpage

Ammonia-KnowHow.com and Urea-KnowHow.com communities are engaged in improving the Safety and Reliability of all Nitrogen Fertilizer Plants worldwide. Now you will find all our collected Safety Information for Urea Plants at one location: Incidents Databases, Safety Risk Registers, hand outs and videos of presentations during the AICHE Ammonia Safety Conferences, safety and reliability innovations of our Solution Providers and numerous other related documents, free for you to use for you and your colleagues benefit. Click here to have a look.

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UreaKnowHow.com presents at 33rd AFA Technical Conference

UreaKnowHow.com presents at 33rd AFA Technical Conference

UreaKnowHow.com presents at the 33rd AFA Technical Conference on 2-4 November 2021 -  Sharm El Sheikh, about the topic “The #1 Safeguard for Any Urea Plant”
Click here for the Conference Program
Click here for the Hand Out of the presentation.

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The UreaKnowHow.com Fertilizer Training Program

The UreaKnowHow.com Fertilizer Training Program

The Urea-Know-How.com Fertilizer Training Program is a 2-Day Training Program designed for Engineers and Managers, Marketing and Business Development Managers and Safety, Health and Environmental Managers. You will learn about the various types of fertilizers, the various fertilizer production technologies and fertilizer finishing technologies with its pros and conts, the role of fertilizers, the market trends and players in the fertilizer business, how your products and services fit in the fertilizer market and the hazards of the various fertilizers and fertilizer production technologies. The UreaKnowHow.com Fertilizer Training modules will also be part of the Fertilizer Academy.  Click here to find out all details

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UreaKnowHow.com presents at LRSV 2021

UreaKnowHow.com presents at LRSV 2021

At LRVS 2021, we will be presenting on, “Safety Incidents with High Pressure Rotating Equipment in Urea Plants”.
Here’s what to expect: This paper elaborates the most critical safety incidents including its prevention and mitigation measures.
To minimize / avoid incidents that do repeat, we recommend making use of the Center for Chemical Process Safety: Risk Based Process Safety Management approach.
Also proper attention must be paid to the right design, fabrication, installation, inspection, repair and operational procedures. Involve experienced and knowledgeable urea experts as owner’s engineers in your projects and training programs.
Treat safety and reliability as your number one priority.
Remember, LRVS2021 will be taking place from the 14-15th September!
For the video click here

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UreaKnowHow.com presents at AIChE Ammonia Safety 2021 Virtual Conference

UreaKnowHow.com presents at AIChE Ammonia Safety 2021 Virtual Conference

A century of ammonia synthesis technology - with an emphasis on continual progress in ammonia plant safety - is the theme of AIChE's 65th Annual Safety in Ammonia Plants and Related Facilities Symposium on  - . Experts from around the world will discuss the latest advances related to the safe production and use of ammonia, case studies, and lessons learned. UreaKnowHow.com will present a paper with the title: The #1 Safeguard for Any Urea Plant. As of January 2021, UreaKnowHow.com has collected and analyzed more than 135 serious urea incidents. Based on this analysis, what is the most important, or the number one, safeguard, for any urea plant? It is the leak detection system for loose liners of the high-pressure equipment. In just two recent years (2018 and 2019), at least six serious incidents have occurred whereby the available leak detection system failed! It is really a miracle no casualties were involved. This paper explains why a proper leak detection system for loose liners of high-pressure equipment is crucial. This paper also explains why most existing systems are not acceptable anymore by illustrating their shortcomings in several incidents. The paper will conclude with how a modern state-of-the-art leak detection system, The #1 Safeguard for Any Urea Plant, should be designed. The goal of this paper is to convince urea plant owners to upgrade existing leak detection systems to state of the art standards and improve the safety and reliability level in our industry. For the video click here

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How a vacuum system is able to detect clogging in the tubing ?

How a vacuum system is able to detect clogging in the tubing ?

When talking about active leak detection systems, one can distinguish a pressurized system, in which an inert carrier gas stream flows through the leak detection circuits and a vacuum based system, where one pulls vacuum pressure behind the liner. All liner compartments are connected in a logical and economical manner via tubing to the ammonia analyzer.
In a pressurized system a flow indicator should be installed to detect clogging.
In a vacuum system vacuum pressure exists in the complete leak detection system; the achieved vacuum pressure is a result of the capacity of the vacuum pump and the amount of ambient air leaking in via the tubing connections. It is unavoidable that some ambient air will enter into the system.
Once a clogging does occur somewhere in a section, the part between the clogging and the vacuum pump / ammonia analyzer will remain under vacuum pressure and under detection. However, the part between the atmospheric ball valve and the clogging will rise in pressure until atmospheric pressures has been reached. This allows for a detection of clogging also in a vacuum system as described below ...

Click here for the full explanation

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What is reason #7 to choose for a vacuum system ?

What is reason #7 to choose for a vacuum system ?

We recommend to use a vacuum based leak detection system for several important reasons:

Reason #1: No risk of liner bulging (refer to FAQ 6)
Reason #2: Direct coverage of the complete carbon steel surface of a compartment (refer to FAQ 7)
Reason #3: A vacuum system is less prone to clogging (refer to FAQ 9)
Reason #4: A vacuum system does not restrict the leaking flow and does not built-up pressure or introduces risks for backflow (refer to FAQ 10)
Reason #5: A vacuum system also works when there is only one leak detection hole in a liner compartment (refer to FAQ 11)
Reason #6: A vacuum system also works when there are clogged grooves or no grooves (refer to FAQ 12)
Reason #7 is: A pressurised system requires a dedicated ammonia analyser for each high pressure equipment item whereas a vacuum system needs only one ammonia analyser for all high pressure equipment items to realise the same reliability.

Click here to find out why.

 

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UreaKnowHow.com welcomes SULVARIS as our Sponsor

UreaKnowHow.com welcomes SULVARIS as our Sponsor

A Revolutionary AgriTech Company

Focused on crop input technologies for the future of sustainable and regenerative agriculture, with the goal of contributing to global ESG initiatives.

  • Sulvaris has successfully developed and commercialized its leading enhanced efficiency Micronized Sulphur Technology (MST®) with Nutrien, the largest global fertilizer producer and retailer.
  • Sulvaris is also currently developing its disruptive carbon technology platform, which is focused on carbon capture combined with a high-performance crop nutrient delivery mechanism aiming to provide farmers with superior crop yields, return on investment, and environmental stewardship.
  • Sulvaris has commercialised the technology to produce MAP+MST® with Nutrien being marketed as SmartNutritienTM

Urea + Micronized Sulphur Technology (MST®is a proprietary patented technology that economically micronizes elemental sulphur to less than 10-micron average size. Click here to read more.

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What is reason #6 to choose for a vacuum system ?

What is reason #6 to choose for a vacuum system ?

High pressure urea equipment consists of a carbon steel pressure bearing wall, which is protected against corrosion by a protective layer. This protective layer is typically an overlay welding or a loose liner. Any leak in a loose liner will lead to a dangerous situation in that a large surface of the carbon steel pressure bearing wall underneath the leaking loose liner compartment will be exposed to the extremely corrosive ammonium carbamate. Experience has shown that ammonium carbamate can corrode carbon steels with very high corrosion rates up to 1,000 mm (40 inch) per year.

When talking about active leak detection systems, one can distinguish a pressurized system, in which an inert carrier gas stream flows through the leak detection circuits and a vacuum based system, where one pulls vacuum pressure behind the liner (refer to FAQ 5)

It is a real challenge to avoid clogging as urea easily crystallises at any temperature even above its melting point due to its polymerisation behaviour forming biuret, triuret etc. with high melting points. This is the main reason that we strongly recommend to upgrade any passive leak detection system (FAQ 3).

We recommend to use a vacuum based leak detection system for several important reasons:

Reason #1: No risk of liner bulging (refer to FAQ 6)

Reason #2: Direct coverage of the complete carbon steel surface of a compartment (refer to FAQ 7)

Reason #3: A vacuum system is less prone to clogging (refer to FAQ 9)

Reason #4: A vacuum system does not restrict the leaking flow and does not built-up pressure or introduces risks for backflow (refer to FAQ 10)

Reason #5: A vacuum system also works when there is only one leak detection hole in a liner compartment (refer to FAQ 11)

Reason #6 is: A vacuum system also works when there are clogged grooves or no grooves.

But why is that ?

Click here for the answer.

Click here for all latest information.

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UreaKnowHow.com welcomes SPRANA as our Sponsor

UreaKnowHow.com welcomes SPRANA as our Sponsor

SPRANA provides Process Analytical Technology solutions for on-line/in-line/at-line analysis and monitoring of industrial processes based on Machine Vision and Applied Spectroscopy. Automatic defect inspection turn-key systems (Hardware and Software).

The state of the art solution for on-line analysis of the composition of Urea Ammonium Nitrate.

NIRSpec UAN analyzer can measure not only the concentrations of the main UAN components: Urea, Ammonium Nitrate and Water, but also the concentration of the unwanted by-product Biuret, which is becoming an increasingly important quality parameter of UAN. Accurate continuous/real-time measurements and the unique capability of measuring the concentration of Biuret enable a better control of the quality of the UAN in the production process. The analytical technology is based on the Near Infra-Red spectroscopy and the state of the art proprietary multivariate calibration. Several references are successfully in operation.

The BENEFITS are...Read more

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What is reason #5 to choose for a vacuum system ?

What is reason #5 to choose for a vacuum system ?

Active leak detection systems can either be a pressurised or a vacuum system (refer to FAQ 5). We recommend to use a vacuum leak detection system for several important reasons.
Reason #1 is: No risk of liner bulging (refer to FAQ 6)
Reason #2 is: Direct coverage of the complete carbon steel surface of a compartment (refer to FAQ 7)
Reason #3 is: A vacuum system is less prone to clogging (refer to FAQ 9)
Reason #4 is: A vacuum system does not restrict the leaking flow and does not built-up pressure or introduce risks for backflow (refer to FAQ 10)
Reason #5 is: A vacuum system also works when there is only one leak detection hole in a liner compartment.
But why is that ?

Click here for more information

Click here for all latest information

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What is reason #4 to choose for a vacuum system ?

What is reason #4 to choose for a vacuum system ?

Active leak detection systems can either be a pressurised or a vacuum based system (refer to FAQ 5). We recommend to use a vacuum based leak detection system for several important reasons.
Reason #1 is: No risk of liner bulging (refer to FAQ 6)
Reason #2 is: Direct coverage of the complete carbon steel surface of a compartment (refer to FAQ 7)
Reason #3 is: A vacuum system is less prone to clogging (refer to FAQ 9)
Reason #4 is: A vacuum system does not restrict the leaking flow and does not built-up pressure or introduce risks for backflow
But why is that ?
The validity of this fourth reason has been proven by Incident 19-005, details about this incident can be found via the following link:...

Click here for more information

Click here for all latest information

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