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Urea demand is booming as never before. Since the financial crisis in 2008 the number of new urea plants yearly awarded nearly doubled! What are the drivers behind this? This paper will further provide a historical overview of the market share of the various urea process technologies (Stamicarbon, Saipem, TEC, Casale, NIIC and Chinese design institutes) with the focus on the last decade, as well as a prediction of the market shares for the near future. Which process technologies and which materials of construction are applied in the latest references of each urea technology? What are the chosen design capacities and which final product has been selected? And what is the actual experience of these latest references? Finally the paper will discuss the worldwide trends in urea process technologies. This paper has been presented during the Nitrogen & Syngas 2015 in Istanbul, in 2015