Ever since the declaration of 100% neem coated urea by the Government of India, the number of neem trees has been increasing continuously in India. Neem coated urea requires neem oil and the more urea the more oil and trees are required. When it comes to oil, neem plants are rather promising. Probably no other plant yields as many exploitable by-products and benefits. Earlier, Coated 100% Neem Urea was made mandatory in 2015. A study conducted by the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare had found the effects of Neem Coating of Urea as follows: Improvement in soil health. Reduction in costs with respect to plant protection chemicals, more neem tree more clean environment. Neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) is a unique tree with its great religious, medicinal, ornamental and multifunctional values. By rough estimates, India currently has about 20 million neem trees. This paper describes how the plantation of neem trees in India increased drastically and how to manage ecologically very special. Neem is ecologically very special. It can tolerate very high levels of pollution and has the capacity to recover even if most of its foliage is dropped. Plants with a large leaf area such as neem accumulate relatively higher quantities of lead. Trees vary widely in their capacity to absorb pollutants like particulate dust, CO2, oxides of sulphur and nitrogen. Coating of urea with neem is environmentally also advantages because firstly, a reduces solubility of urea, keeps contamination of ground water under control and secondly, the coating reduces ammonia volatilization and controls atmospheric pollution. This environmental friendly endeavor converted into economic boom for farmers also. The hardy and multipurpose neem tree holds tremendous potential in sustainable farming systems across the world.