As is the case for many developing countries, India is currently faced with the daunting task of decoupling economic growth from energy intensity in order to ensure a sustainable future. However, due to the presence of cleaner, energy efficient technologies and renewable energy sources, India can both develop it’s infrastructure to meet its energy and industrial demands and ensure sustainable, low-carbon growth.

In spite of an impressive economic growth rate (7.5% per year average in the late 2000s) and high levels of industrial growth, over 600 million Indians have no access to electricity and limited access to other clean, modern fuels. The consumption of electricity per capita in India (639 kWh) is amongst the lowest in the world This low energy availability contributes to the low Human Development Index of India thus, it is imperative that energy supply and access (to individual consumers as well as industry) be incorporated into a national development strategy.

This section of the report focuses on industrial and government efforts directed towards lower-carbon emissions and improving energy efficiency in three energy intensive industrial segments in India, namely:

• Steel Industry

• Chemicals Industry o Inorganic chemicals o Petrochemicals o Fertilizers

• Cement Industry