• CASALE - The Innovative Touch

    CASALE - The Innovative Touch

  • SAIPEM - Extraordinary Is Our Everyday

    SAIPEM - Extraordinary Is Our Everyday

  • SPRANA: The UAN Analyzer

    SPRANA: The UAN Analyzer

My UreaKnowHow

Both username as well as password are capital sensitive.

Our Sister Websites









UreaKnowHow.com: 7100+
UreaKnowHow.com & UreaNet.cn: 13000+
AmmoniaKnowHow.com: 1100+
Topics: 2000+
Posts: 9600+
Average posts per topic: 5+
Average posts per day: 2-3
Photos: 1200+
Videos: 320+
Revamp Guides: 

Safety Information

- Safety Risks in Urea Plants: 200+
- Safety Risks in Ammonia Plants: 1200+
- Ammonia Feed Piping Risks: 10+
- Risks during Turnarounds: 10+
For our complete overview of Safety Risks, Incidents and Near Misses, check out FIORDA

Follow us


The year 2017 was 150 years after the birth of Kristian Birkeland and 100 years after his death. Birkeland, together with Eyde, were the founders of the industrialisation of nitrogen fixation by an electric arc. Norsk Hydro (the former owner of Yara) was founded on December 2, 1905 by Sam Eyde, exploiting the novel technology for producing artificial fertilizers by fixing nitrogen from air. The so called Birkeland–Eyde process was relatively inefficient in terms of energy consumption. Therefore, in the 1910s and 1920s, it was gradually replaced in Norway by a combination of the Haber process and the Ostwald process.

But is that still true ? The costs of power become less and less nowadays. Rune Ingels, a former Yara employee, strongly believes times have changed and started up his company Applied N2. Continuing on the basis of Birkeland and Eyde, Rune explores and develops very interesting new and innovative business opportunities in the fertilizer industry.