Will Urea Improve the Hydrogen Production ?

New catalyst can facilitate urea-assisted water splitting – a new strategy for energy-efficient hydrogen production Scientists have identified a new catalyst that can efficiently oxidize urea and lower the energy demand for hydrogen generation by urea-assisted water splitting thereby making way for improved production of the green fuel. Understanding the importance of hydrogen energy in reversing climate change, the scientific community is intensifying efforts to revolutionize hydrogen production, a key player in the clean energy landscape. Electrolytic generation of hydrogen …

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UreaKnowHow.com welcomes STEELTRACE as Solution Provider

It is our mission to improve transparency and traceability in the supply chain of steel. SteelTrace is a digital platform that enables transparency, traceability and provides efficiency to the supply chain of steel for the chemical and petrochemical industry. SteelTrace leverages new technologies, blockchain and cloud computing to seamlessly integrate quality management along the supply chain with a digital-first approach. SteelTrace has been selected by Chevron Technology Ventures, LLC as part of its Catalyst Program™. Read more

2-Day Fertilizer Training Program

The Urea-Know-How.com Fertilizer Training Program is a 2-Day Training Program designed for Engineers and Managers, Marketing and Business Development Managers and Safety, Health and Environmental Managers. You will learn about the various types of fertilizers, the various fertilizer production technologies and fertilizer finishing technologies with its pros and cons, the role of fertilizers, the market trends and players in the fertilizer business and the hazards of the various fertilizers and fertilizer production technologies. The UreaKnowHow.com Fertilizer Training modules will also …

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MAN Energy Solutions To Supply Compressor Trains for Air Products Air-separation Unit as Part Of New Plant for Production of Blue Ammonia and Hydrogen

MAN Energy Solutions to supply compressor trains for Air Products’ air-separation unit as part of new plant for production of blue ammonia and hydrogen. Air Products and Chemical, Inc., a global leader in industrial gases and clean-energy solutions, has awarded MAN Energy Solutions an order for six air-compressor trains for use in an air-separation unit in its Clean Energy Complex in Darrow, Louisiana (USA). The complex will produce more than 750 million standard cubic feet of blue hydrogen daily for …

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2022 Miron Research on the evaluation of the level of detonability of chemical fertilizers based ammonium nitrate regarding certification for safe use in agriculture

Ammonium nitrate used as fertilizer is classified, according to Orangebook, as a hazardous substance in Class 5 Division 1 (5.1), oxidizing substances. Although, under fire conditions, ammonium nitrate burns in certain situations, the transition from combustion to detonation can occur. Such accidents have occurred in several countries, with significant quantities, including in Romania. Such catastrophic scenarios can occur in the case of nitrogen-based chemical fertilizers, in which case the manufacturing recipe (dolomite inhibitor additive, respectively silicone antiglutinant) is not made …

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UreaKnowHow.com Market Survey Services

UreaKnowHow.com has built up the largest network in the Nitrogen Fertilizer Industry. We track all new Nitrogen Fertilizer, Low Carbon Ammonia and Low Carbon Nitrogen Fertilizer Projects and Revamp Projects and follow closely the Market Trends worldwide. And with our long time experience in this industry and wide network we are able to introduce you to key persons at any of these prospects. Click here for more details Any Questions ?

2023 UreaKnowHow Another View on Urea

In view of the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, urea is many times seen as the most non-sustainable nitrogen fertilizer. The major reason is the carbon dioxide unity which is part of each urea molecule and which is set free during application. Furthermore, also ammonia and nitrous oxide emissions occur when urea is applied on the field. This paper intends to provide another, or maybe better, and wider view on urea as nitrogen fertilizer with the target to promote …

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Download technical paper: 2023 UreaKnowHow Another View on Urea

SOIL CARBON SEQUESTRATION: An Approach to Mitigate Climate Change

Carbon dioxide is the primary greenhouse gas. The concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide has increased in recent years, causing a stronger greenhouse effect and global warming. Carbon is stored in the atmosphere, vegetation, animals and in soil. Of all carbon reservoirs, soil is the largest pool, holding more carbon than the other three reservoirs combined. There is an opportunity to mitigate climate change through improved agricultural practices in order to store more carbon in the soil. The carbon content of …

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How Stamicarbon successfully reduces the risk for loss of containment in urea plants

Operating a urea plant poses challenges in managing the corrosive environment, especially in the high-pressure synthesis section. Several mitigation strategies have been developed successfully to minimize severe corrosion and, subsequently, loss of containment scenarios. Nevertheless, loss of containment still occurs occasionally, for instance, due to a tube rupture in a high-pressure urea heat exchanger. The severity of such a mishap will result in the release of a large cloud of toxic ammonia. Stamicarbon introduced Safurex® stainless steels as the material …

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SOLEX: Decarbonising through advances in heat exchange technology

How moving bed heat exchange technology is driving innovation in thermal energy storage Advances in heat transfer technology are helping to enable today’s efforts to decarbonise our energy systems. This is being clearly illustrated as we harness the intermittent and variable energy provided by the sun to supply our energy needs and wants of today. For developments that combine CSP with LD-TES based on using solids for thermal energy storage, MBHEs are instrumental in transferring energy from the solids to …

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Did you know that on average only around 60% of nutrients applied to the soil in Europe is being taken up by plants?

Minimising losses is key to improve resource use efficiency and the economy of  food production while reducing costs and the pressure on the environment. The Nitrogen Use Efficiency indicator is a sound scientific way to asses the effectiveness of the nutrient applied and inform farm decision making. Click here to read all details

Download technical paper: Ehancing-sustainable-food-systems-in-Europe-1

Urease Activity and Inhibition – Principles and Practice

Urea has become the most used N fertiliser in the world, accounting for 46% of total world nitrogen consumption. Its market share is increasing because it is the cheapest form of solid N fertiliser available and its high N content (46%N) offers transportation advantages over other sources. The efficiency of urea is decreased by losses of N through NH3 volatilisation after the urea is hydrolysed at the soil surface by reaction with the enzyme urease. Many compounds have been evaluated as …

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75 Years International Fertiliser Society

The International Fertiliser Society was founded in 1947 as a learned society for individuals who have a professional interest in any aspect of fertiliser production, marketing and use. Membership is personal and is open to all and is drawn from almost 50 countries world-wide. The Society was founded in 1947 as a learned society and in over 75 years of activity has regularly held meetings. These provide an excellent forum for debate and for contacting others involved in fertilisers, crop …

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Risk Register of a Urea Reactor: Learn also Why… instead of only What…

The Top 3 Recommendations for an existing 316L UG Reactor: 1. Install an active, vacuum based, leak detection system with a reliable and accurate ammonia detector. Vacuum because: • It detects the maximum liner area (also around clips and other failure modes like condensation corrosion, fatigue cracks, clogged groove etc.) • It can be applied in every design (also in case no grooves, one hole, clogged, etc.) • It avoids risks of liner bulging • It offers a solution also …

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Safety and HSE Training Programs for all ammonia and urea plants

Serious incidents continue to take place in the nitrogen fertilizer industry. AmmoniaKnowHow.com and UreaKnowHow.com provide dedicated Safety and HSE Training Programs discussing the specific safety and HSE aspects in ammonia and urea plants. Numerous safety incidents, which occurred in the past in ammonia and urea plants, form the basis of these training programs. The Lessons Learned will be discussed targeting a higher safety standard in our industry. For more information click here for Safety and HSE Training Programs in Urea Plants and for Safety …

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Innovation Outlook: Renewable Ammonia

Jointly developed by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) and the Ammonia Energy Association (AEA), this report provides a detailed overview of renewable ammonia in contrast to conventional and fossil-based ammonia with carbon mitigation, and includes a review of the current technology status and outlook. Click here to download the report

An innovative Safety Solution for Overpressure Protection in the Urea Synthesis Section

The paper describes the step by step development and implementation of the Innovative Safety Solution for Overpressure Protection in the Urea Synthesis. The following benefits have been achieved: Increased safety & reliability, operating pressure closer to the set pressure of the synthesis safety valve leading to higher conversion figures in the reactor; for the design of new urea plants, the design pressure of the High Pressure equipment items can be reduced leading to lower investment and longer inspection intervals. Click …

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STAMICARBON equipment introduced in non-STAMICARBON CO2 stripping process

Stamicarbon delivered two high-pressure carbamate condensers and a high-pressure stripper for Weihua Group’s urea plant in Weinan, Shaanxi province in China in October 2020, marking the introduction of Stamicarbon equipment made from Safurex® for the non-Stamicarbon CO2 stripping process. According to the article published on the client’s website in December 2021, an expert group investigated the material and corrosion properties of Safurex®, along with the economic benefits it brings, such as reducing the amount of material and equipment weight, and …

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The State-Of-The-Art Ammonia Terminal

Since 100 years ago the industrial production of ammonia began for the widespread agricultural and industrial application. Safety hazards and risks have been identified and for a large extend resolved. Nowadays ammonia is used more and more as a very efficient hydrogen energy storage, carrier and carbon free fuel. This means that more and more people will get involved with this potentially toxic substance. How will the public and the authorities react? Are the previously known safety regulations sufficient for …

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As experienced professionals in fertilizer industry, we discovered a necessity to fill the gaps in technology knowhow required in various fertilizer industry projects. This is Fertilizer Industrial Services’ foundational business strategy. We are specialized in fertilizer production technologies covering process, mechanical, instrumentation, process safety and project management disciplines. Our services include design review, plant commissioning and startup, operation support, ammonia tank de-commissioning for inspection, plant revamp support and project management consultancy. We have the unique ability to seamlessly link design, …

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The State-of-the-Art Urea Reactor

“Highest Safety and Reliability Standards, Minimum Maintenance and Repair Efforts” The heart of every urea plant is the urea reactor. The high pressures, high temperatures and the presence of very corrosive ammonium carbamate puts high demands on its reliability and safety during its typical lifetime of 40-50 years. UreaKnowHow.com has established a Urea Incident Database containing numerous serious incidents with urea reactors and a Urea Reactor Risk Register containing fifty risks and failure modes of a traditional design urea reactor. …

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UreaKnowHow.com is an independent group of nitrogen fertilizer specialists with an impressive number of years experience in designing, maintaining and operating nitrogen fertilizer plants.

Solution Providers offer their solutions to improve our member’s plants performance.