2022 Rossi Energy efficiency intervention in urea processes by recovering the excess pressure through hydraulic power recovery
Diﬀerent energy eﬃciency interventions have been developed so far by diﬀerent companies to reduce the energy consumption in urea processes, but none of them are related to the pressure energy recovery from liquids. In this paper, a power recovery solution is proposed for urea plants, namely Hydraulic Power Recovery Turbines (HPRTs). The ASPEN PLUS® software is used to simulate diﬀerent scenarios where one or more HPRTs can be installed. Precisely, three diﬀerent layouts having one, two, and three HPRTs, as well as diﬀerent urea plants capacities (approximately 1,600, 2,300, 3,000, and 3,700 t/day), have been investigated. Focusing on the use of only one HPRT, the maximum yearly power recovery of almost 4,000 MWh/year has been obtained; then, the avoided Carbon Dioxide (CO2) has been also calculated by inspecting four diﬀerent countries, achieving the highest value of 2,400 tCO2 in Italy. Considering the highest energy recovery value previously mentioned, a net economic saving of 806 k€/year and a Pay Back Period (PBP) of 3 years can be achieved, showing the potential of this kind of intervention in existing plants and how it could further boost the urea production worldwide considering the urea itself as an eﬃcient carbon capture technique.