2021 11 Baboo The Explosion Hazard in Urea Processes

In urea plants passivation air is used  in reactor, stripper and downstream of the all equipments. The reactor liner material used can be Titanium, Zirconium, SS 316L (urea grade), 2RE-69 and duplex  material. Except Titanium and Zirconium all stainless steels required more passivation air. In CO2 some quantity of hydrogen is present; about 0.14-0.2vol%. The  passivation  oxygen and hydrogen makes an explosive mixture. To avoid a fire or explosion in a process vessel one introduces inert (noncombustible) gases in such a way that there is never a mixture with a combustible concentration in the exit of the MP vent. Mixtures of fuel, oxygen, and inert gases  are  not  combustible over the  entire range  of  composition.  In  the CO2  stripping process the HP scrubber is the risky vessel and this vessel consists of a blanketing sphere, heat exchanger part and a scrubbing part. With help of triangular diagram that shows the shape the of combustible/noncombustible regions for a typical gaseous mixture of fuel, oxygen, and inert at specified temperature and pressure. Present articlee laborates how to avoid that combustible rang and  how to tackle that gases in the CO2 and ammonia stripping process.


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